Friday, November 21, 2008

The global burden of disease: 2004 update

The global burden of disease: 2004 update is a comprehensive assessment of the health of the world's population. It provides detailed global and regional estimates of premature mortality, disability and loss of health for 135 causes by age and sex, drawing on extensive WHO databases and on information provided by Member States.

10 facts on the global burden of disease

  • Around 10 million children under the age of five die each year
  • Cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of death in the world
  • HIV/AIDS is the leading cause of adult death in Africa
  • Population ageing is contributing to the rise in cancer and heart disease
  • Lung cancer is the most common cause of death from cancer in the world
  • Complications of pregnancy account for almost 15 % of deaths in women of reproductive age
  • Mental disorders such as depression are among the 20 leading causes of disability worldwide
  • Hearing loss, vision problems and mental disorders are the most common causes of disability
  • Road traffic injuries are projected to rise from the ninth leading cause of death
  • Under-nutrition is the underlying cause of death for at least 30% of all children under age five

1 comment:

Glenn said...

The point about aging brings up an interesting contrast. Some say that heart disease and cancer rates are due to the Western diet. That's why these rates are lower in developing countries. But this lists suggests it is solely a function of longer life expectancy in developed countries.....I suspect it is a bit of both...