Tuesday, February 24, 2009

Environment and Conflict

Scarce resources, such as water and fertile land,
contribute to the conflict in Darfur.

Intrastate conflicts are likely to drag on and escalate without a greater focus on environment and natural resources in the peace building process, according to a new report launched by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP):
From Conflict to Peacebuilding - The Role of Natural Resources and the Environment
Facts about disasters:
  • Since 2000, the world has witnessed over 35 major conflicts and some 2,500 disasters.
  • Since 1990, at least eighteen violent conflicts have been fuelled by the exploitation of natural resources.
  • Environmental degradation and climate change are major drivers in both forced and voluntary migration.
  • 40% of all intrastate conflicts since 1960 have a link to natural resources.
  • Intrastate conflicts linked to natural resources are twice as likely to relapse to conflict in five years.
  • Less than a quarter of peace negotiations aiming to resolve conflicts with links to natural resources have addressed resource management mechanisms.

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